Every year, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDs, claims the lives of over 8,000 babies under the age of one year of age in America. Since the cause of SIDs is not well understood by the medical profession, and the condition does not provide any warning signs of when it may occur, it is imperative that all parents, grandparents, and anyone with a baby in their home at anytime get CPR Certification and acquire the knowledge and skills of infant CPR and baby first aid. CPR Classes are easy to get through and worth every penny. If your baby is unconscious and unresponsive, you only have a few precious minutes to rescue your infant. Other factors that contribute to infant mortality include:
- Accidental external suffocation
- Vomiting and choking
- The collapse of tiny airways from infections
- A common birth defect in the respiratory system
- Head, neck and chest injuries
- Immature development of the digestive system
How to Perform Infant CPR for Babies Less Than One Year of Age
If you are alone with an unresponsive baby, complete two minutes of CPR before calling 911 or activating your emergency response system. If someone is with you, tell them to call 911 immediately while you begin CPR. Move quickly and begin CPR immediately, you only have a few minutes to rescue an infant that is not breathing.
How to Assess an Unresponsive Baby
If your infant does not respond to your voice, gently tap your baby’s shoulder and shout loudly. If the infant does not awaken, cry or begin to breathe, initiate the steps of infant CPR. Position the baby in one of two ways:
- Position your baby on their back on a flat surface
- Support the infant with the length of your arm and cradle their head in your hand
Step 1) Chest Compressions for CPR on Infants
Place two or three fingers from one hand in the center of the infant’s chest just below the nipples. Gently press down on the chest approximately an inch and half for a total of 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 times per minute.
Step 2) Gentle Rescue Breaths for CPR for Babies
Quickly open the baby’s mouth via a careful chin lift and a gentle hand to tilt back the forehead. Listen for any signs of breathing and feel for the sensation of the movement of air against your face. If the baby is not breathing, or breathing adequately, cover their mouth and nose with your mouth and give a gentle rescue breath in the form of a “puff of air.” Ensure the breath expands the lungs and causes the chest to rise. If the rescue breath did not fill the baby’s lungs, readjust the head and neck and deliver a rescue breath again. Perform a total of two rescue breaths and continue 30 chest compressions.
Step 3) Continue CPR for Infants
Perform 30 chest compressions at 100 times a minute and alternate with two rescue breaths until the baby has responded or emergency medical responders have taken over.
What Classes are Available for Infant CPR?