How to Perform CPR


According to the American Heart Association, approximately 350,000 people die each year of cardiac arrest, and over 88 percent of die in their home. Unfortunately, if someone has a cardiac crisis or stops breathing from electric shock or an accident, you may not know how to help. Experts say less than 70% of the public knows how to perform cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). You can easily get CPR training—and you should. Chances are high that the life you save may be someone you love.

What are the Steps to Performing CPR?

The heart circulates blood with oxygen to supply the brain and body tissues. When the heart stops, or breathing ceases, the heart attack victim is minutes away from brain death and may not survive without CPR. Following simple CPR guidelines will empower you to rescue a victim of a heart attack and may survive while waiting for emergency medical help to arrive.

What are the Steps to Performing CPR on an Adult?

If you have witnessed someone collapse, or have found them on the floor, first determine if the person is unconscious. Gently tap or shake the person and shout, “Are you okay?” If you don’t get a response, designate someone to call 911 immediately. In addition, ask if anyone knows how to do CPR. Position the victim on their back and make sure their arms are at their sides and their legs are together. If you have established that the victim is unresponsive, begin CPR steps to increase the chance of their survival.

  1. Open the Airway
    1. Kneel down by the person’s chest and assess their breathing. Open or remove the victim’s shirt and visualize the rise and fall of the chest. Place one hand on the forehead and lift open the jaw with the other hand. Tilt the head back slightly and check for airway obstructions. Sometimes the airway is
      closed in an unconscious person and this maneuver will allow them to resume breathing. Look, listen and feel for air exchange and take no more than 10 seconds to verify the person is not breathing.
    2. Maintain the head tilt with your hand on the forehead and use the fingers to pinch the nose closed. Lift the jaw with the other hand and deliver 2 quick breaths with your mouth over the victim’s mouth. At the same time, observe the chest for the rise and fall of air movement. If the air is not entering the longs, reposition the head and give 2 quick breaths.
  2. Provide Circulation
    1. Next, follow the information on how to perform CPR and chest compressions to circulate the oxygen to the victim’s brain. Place the heel of your hand over the center of the sternum (breastbone) that is located between the nipples. Take the other hand and place it on top of the hand on the chest. Keep your fingers off the chest wall by interlacing your fingers. Keeping your arms straight, position you body over the victim, and push down hard and fast. Compress the depth of the chest about 1/3 to 1/2 to ensure effectiveness. After 30 chest compressions, reposition the airway with both hands and give 2 quick breaths. Continue CPR at a rate of 100 compressions a minute, with a ratio of 30 compressions for every 2 breaths until emergency rescue arrives.

Learn How to Perform CPR

Since many heart attacks and accidents occur at the home, it is paramount that people learn CPR. Every year, many unnecessary deaths occur because immediate help was not available. Only 32 percent of cardiac arrest victims receive CPR from a family member of bystander. Learning how to do CPR may help you rescue your family or friend. Heart attacks, electric shock, and accidental drowning can occur to anyone at anytime. Arm yourself with the knowledge of how to save lives and with CPR. Don’t wait, get your CPR training today. Get Started Now!

  2 Responses to “How to Perform CPR”

  1. […] the first four of these are still used, to a degree, by those who practice current modern CPR guidelines. Even though the last three of these techniques were ineffective they were instrumental in people […]

  2. […] If you suspect a pregnant woman is unresponsive or you have witnessed her collapse, gently tap her shoulder and call out her name. If she does not respond, instruct someone else to call 911 and follow these CPR guidelines: […]

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