Child CPR Steps


Do you know how to rescue your child’s life with the steps of child CPR? Once a child has lost consciousness and has stopped breathing, you only have a few precious minutes to save them from brain damage, a lifelong debilitation or even death. All parents, grandparents, babysitters and other family members should get their CPR certification and learn how to perform CPR on a child. Every year, thousands of children die from accidents in the home that could have been saved with CPR. A child is also vulnerable to auto accidents, head injuries and lethal allergic reactions to medications or food. On a daily basis, children are exposed to dangers that may interfere with breathing or stop the beating of their heart. Some common childhood threats to survival include:

  • Suffocation from choking on food
  • Drowning in a pool, bathtub or pond
  • Electrical shock from computers, electrical sockets, exposed wires, etc. 
  • Excessive bleeding from accidental lacerations or wounds
  • Head trauma or serious injury from a fall
  • Asthma attack or lung condition
  • An unintentional poisoning or an allergic reaction

How to Perform CPR on a Child

From the age of one to eight years old, child CPR steps should be performed per the American Heart Association guidelines. Child CPR includes:

  • Rescue Breathing: Delivering oxygen to the child’s lungs 
  • Chest Compressions: Circulating the blood in the child’s body

If you witness your child collapse or find them unconscious, ensure they are not responsive by shaking or taping them gently and shouting out “Are you okay?” If the child does not respond or awaken, shout for help and designate a person to call 911. If you are alone, do not call 911 until you have performed CPR for about two minutes.

Step 1: Position the Child for CPR

Carefully position the child on their back without twisting their neck or back. If they have fallen or have been injured in an accident, it is possible that they have a spinal injury, and they should be moved by two people if possible. Kneel down near the chest area of the child.

Step 2: Perform Chest Compressions in Child CPR

Place the heel of your hand on the child’s breastbone, just below nipple line on the child’s chest. Keeping your arm and back straight, press the heel of your hand into the chest about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the child’s chest thickness. Perform 30 compressions quickly and without any interruptions or pauses. 

Step 3: Perform Rescue Breathing in Child CPR

Before you can deliver a rescue breath, you must open the child’s airway. Place one hand on the forehead and gently tilt the head back. At the same time, use your other hand to carefully pull the chin up with your thumb and forefinger. If you don’t feel the sensation of breath or the movement of air near your face, follow these steps:

  • Place your mouth tightly over their mouth
  • Deliver a breath that causes the chest to expand
  • If the chest does not rise, reposition the head and neck
  • Attempt to ventilate the lungs again
  • After two successful rescue breaths are accomplished, continue to alternate 30 chest compressions with two rescue breaths.

Step 4: Dial 911 after Two Minutes of Child CPR is Performed

If you have not called 911 or activated the emergency response system, call 911 after two minutes of CPR has been performed. Do not hang up the phone and continue CPR until the child responds or the emergency medical team arrives and takes over.

What Child CPR Classes are Available?

What Child CPR Classes are Available Online?

  One Response to “Child CPR Steps”

  1. […] to perform CPR makes me uncomfortable, I’m not confident in my skills. Am I prepared to perform CPR on my child? Are […]

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