Apr 222013

Since the beginning of the HIV and AIDS era, many people have become reluctant to perform mouth-to-mouth breathing on strangers for fear of contagious diseases. Although there has never been a documented case of a rescuer acquiring a disease from performing CPR over the past 35 years, some people are still hesitant to take the risk. Unfortunately, this fear of disease may make it difficult for someone you love to get help in an emergency. It is imperative that you learn CPR and be prepared to rescue a loved one in cardiac arrest.

Can I Catch a Contagious Disease While Performing CPR?

According to the American Heart Association, the risk of contracting a disease is very small. HIV or AIDS is contracted from deep body fluids associated with sexual intimacy and blood. Hepatitis C also needs blood or deeper body fluids to spread to another person. Rescue breathing does not involve the blood or body fluids required to be contagious to the rescuer. However, it is possible that you may catch the common cold or flu virus. If you are concerned about performing rescue breathing on strangers, consider a pocket mask or barrier.

What Should I do if I am Afraid to Perform CPR on a Stranger?

Consider carrying a portable mask or breathing barrier. Many styles of masks and barrier devices fold-up and may be carried on a key chain. There are two basic devices such as:

Breathing Barrier

A simple flat piece of plastic that conforms to the victim’s face protects the rescuer from bodily fluids during CPR. The barrier contains a hole that is used for rescue breaths and contains a one-way valve that protects the person from the victim’s exhaled breath.

Portable Masks

A pear shaped mask that covers the nose and mouth and contains a one-way valve that protects the rescuer from body fluids and possible contagions. Although not as portable as the breathing barrier, the mask can be stored in a glove compartment or backpack.

If you do not have a mask and are reluctant to do rescue breaths, perform chest compressions until the emergency medical professionals arrive. Perhaps applying hands-only CPR would be more comfortable for you. Chest compressions will continue to circulate whatever oxygen is in the victim’s blood supply and it is far better than doing nothing at all.

Be Prepared to Rescue You Loved One

According to the American Heart Association, over 80 percent of heart attacks happen to people when they are home. Performing CPR immediately will increase your family members’ chance of survival. With only four to six minutes to increase circulating oxygen to the delicate brain, it is vital that bystander CPR is administered immediately. Become certified in CPR and be prepared to save a life.

 Posted by at 12:00 pm
Apr 152013

English: Close up of the belly of a pregnant w...

The condition of pregnancy requires much more demand from the heart and lungs for women, especially in the later stages, and underlying cardiac problems may occur from this increased workload. In addition, women may experience electric shock, near drowning or other accidents that may cause anyone to suffer a cardiac arrest. Although CPR on a pregnant victim is performed similar to those who are not— the major difference is that two lives at risk. If the mother’s heart is not beating, the fetal heart rate has also stopped. A pregnant woman and her unborn baby have approximately four-six minutes to survive without oxygen. Take a CPR training class and learn how to save the lives of mother and child with CPR.

Rescue Breathing on a Pregnant Woman

If you suspect a pregnant woman is unresponsive or you have witnessed her collapse, gently tap her shoulder and call out her name. If she does not respond, instruct someone else to call 911 and follow these CPR guidelines:

  1. Place her on her back and straighten her body
  2. Open the airway by pushing down on the forehead with one hand and gently opening the jaw with the other
  3. Look, listen and feel for the movement of air from her lungs
  4. If the victim is not breathing, give two quick rescue breaths
  5. If your breaths have not caused the chest to rise and fall, reposition the victims head and attempt rescue breathing again.

Chest Compressions on a Pregnant Woman

When performing chest compressions on a pregnant woman, the correct hand placement is vital to the protection of the unborn baby. Improper compressions over the abdomen can injure the baby and fail to increase the circulation of blood and oxygen that is required to save the life of the mother.

  • Ensure that the heel of one hand is placed over the breastbone or sternum, directly between the nipples. Place the other hand over the hand positioned on the breastbone and intertwine the fingers so your compressions don’t drift off the victim’s chest.
  • With your back and arms in a straight position, begin 30 quick chest compressions at a depth of about two to three inches.
  • Position the mother’s head and provide two rescue breaths.
  • Resume chest compressions and quickly check for breathing or a pulse after five cycles of CPR or approximately two minutes.

Do Not Pause or Stop CPR

It is imperative that CPR continues without any interruption while waiting for your local emergency response team to arrive. If you are getting tired from performing compressions, switch with another person on cue without creating a pause in the CPR cycle. Ensure that no compressions are performed over the mother’s abdomen and protect the unborn baby from unintentional harm.

 Posted by at 12:00 pm
Apr 092013

Each year, over 3,000 people accidentally inhale food while swallowing and die from an airway obstruction. The Heimlich Maneuver or abdominal thrust is designed to force the air out of the lungs and expel the food out from the throat. But what if you have an airway obstruction and there is no one around to help you? If you are choking, and all alone, it is possible to perform the abdominal thrust on yourself and save your own life.

Assess Your Breathing

First, make a quick assessment of how complete the obstruction is in your airway. Are you moving any air in or out of your lungs? Can you speak? Can you cough?

  • A small movement of air may sound like a high-pitched whistling sound or similar to a wheeze. This would be a partially obstructed airway and you may be able to cough hard enough to expel the food from the windpipe.
  • If you are not moving any air in or out of the lungs, you may have a completely obstructed airway, and you must remove it quickly before you lose consciousness.

Perform The Abdominal Thrust on Yourself

  1. Make a fist and point the thumb side toward your body
  2. Center your fist slightly about your navel and below the ribcage
  3. Put your other hand over the fist
  4. With a quick, hard thrust, push your fist upward into the upper abdomen
  5. Repeat several times until the obstruction is expelled from the airway

Use a Sturdy Surface that is Waist High

If your abdominal thrust attempts have not dislodged the obstruction and you have not resumed breathing, find a chair, table or other surface that is waist high. Continue holding your hands in the abdominal thrust position and perform the maneuver as follows:

  1. Bend over the chair or table
  2. With the full force of a quick thrust, push upward with your hand against the table or chair surface
  3. Repeat this process until the food or obstruction is dislodged and breathing resumes.

Preventative Measures Against Choking

Frequently, choking is an accident that can be prevented with certain safety precautions. Simple rules can be practiced to reduce the chance of the airway becoming obstructed — especially if they are alone.

  • Chew food completely and slowly
  • Refrain from eating and talking simultaneously
  • Do not eat if you are impaired from alcohol or mind-altering substances
  • Replace ill-fitting dentures that impair chewing and interfere with swallowing

Become an Expert on Saving Lives

Ensure your life-saving techniques are sound by taking a CPR class and gain the confidence you may need to rescue a loved one or family member. Getting CPR Certification can show you how to respond in an emergency, effectively notify your local emergency response professionals and manage a life-threatening event. Learning the techniques of the abdominal thrust or Heimlich Maneuver can save lives—including your own.

 Posted by at 12:00 pm
Mar 052013

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is a series of steps that can help you save the life of a friend or loved one. Once the heart stops beating, the victim of cardiac arrest is deprived of life-giving oxygen and brain death ensues. Since any family member is vulnerable to heart disease, accidental overdose or poisonings, electric shock, near drowning, choking and other accidents or injuries, it is imperative that you and your family have the knowledge and skills to help a loved one survive long enough for the emergency medical professionals to arrive and transport them to a hospital.

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 Posted by at 12:00 pm
Oct 032012
English: CPR-oxygen-defibrillator

(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

CPR is an acronym for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is a procedure that is commonly used in the healthcare field because of its many benefits. A person who knows CPR can benefit greatly for a number of reasons. For starters, if there was ever an emergency situation and a person was in need of resuscitation, they would be able to help that person out. It also comes in handy for them because there are a number of different jobs that are available to people who have the right kind of CPR training and certifications. There are some people who may know how to perform CPR but do not actually have the certification for it. It is important to receive the certification because someone who has a CPR certification cannot necessarily be held responsible for any type of injury that could occur throughout the procedure. Once an individual has the right kind of training and has received the CPR certification, they will be able to land a number of different jobs.

What Type of Jobs Are Available for Those Who Have a CPR Certification?

There are a number of different career fields that actually require a CPR certification. This means that someone who has the certification would be an ideal candidate for the available position. Some of the most common career fields that require such a certification include:

• Nurses
• Firefighters
• Police Officers
• Lifeguards
• Childcare Assistants
• Emergency Medical Technicians

These are just some of the many different careers that require applicants for the position to have a certification in CPR. Just about every career in the health and medical-related field will require individuals to have this certification before they are able to work with patients. It is always better to know CPR to be on the safe side because no one truly knows when an emergency can and will occur.

What Will It Take to Obtain One of These Types of Jobs?

Those who are looking to pursue a career in which a CPR certification would be useful will definitely have their options. With so many different jobs available, it is important to know what it will take to obtain one of these different kinds of jobs. Those who are looking to become a nurse will need to have a CPR certification but will also need to receive a certification or degree in the field of nursing. The same thing goes for the vast majority of other medical and health-related positions. Firefighters and police officers do not necessarily need certifications or degrees but will need to attend special schooling to prepare them for the position. In order to become a police officer, one will need to attend the Police Academy. It will still look impressive if an individual already is certified in CPR, making it easier for them to get through the obstacles of becoming a police officer or even a firefighter. Those looking to become an Emergency Medical Technician will also need a certification from a trade school.

To become a childcare assistant, an individual may not necessarily need a certification in anything other than CPR. However, the credentials needed for childcare assistants vary from state to state and will ultimately depend upon the state in which the individual is living at the time in which they are seeking employment. A lifeguard position will usually just require that the individual knows how to swim and is also certified in CPR so that in the event of an emergency, they will be able to use CPR if it is necessary.

Which State is The Best for Finding CPR Jobs?

The fact of the matter is that there are plenty of CPR jobs in all of the different states across the nation. As the healthcare industry continues to expand, there continues to be a demand for certified CPR professionals in each and every one of the states. In particular, an individual may want to look for states that actually have the most childcare centers or hospitals in and around the area because this means there will be a better chance of finding an available position in which a CPR certification would be needed in order to be considered.

 Posted by at 4:20 pm
Sep 262012

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a first aid skill that keeps a person who has severe breathing problems, caused by an obstruction or a cardiac arrest from staying alive long enough to get medical treatment.

The Beginnings

English: Asmund S. Laerdal, the founder of Lae...

Although, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was not fully classified as the process we currently use until the 1950s, the beginnings of the resuscitation method were taught in Amsterdam in the mid 1700s. At the time, the city was known to have almost 400 drownings a year; caused by people accidentally falling into the dams. To help minimize this number of accidental deaths, some of the community members founded the Society for Recovery of Drowned Persons.

Within 4 years the society claimed to have saved more than 150 persons thanks to specialized saving techniques, which involved:

1. Warming of the body
2. Removing aspirated water by lowering the victims head and raising his feet.
3. Application of pressure to the abdomen
4. Respiration to the victim using a bellows or sometimes mouth to mouth, with a cloth placed between the mouths.
5. Stimulating the victim’s anus and throat with tobacco smoke.
6. Bloodletting
7. Stimulation of the victims throat.

Of all these techniques, the first four of these are still used, to a degree, by those who practice current modern CPR guidelines. Even though the last three of these techniques were ineffective they were instrumental in people starting to believe that resuscitation was possible.

Once positive results were shown through the Amsterdam rescue project, other similar projects were established; communities began to rise in Germany, London and even in the United States.

Although, this was the first world-known use of these life-saving techniques, experts believe similar saving techniques were used in Asian countries as ancient Ju-Jitsu and Judo books dating back to the 17th century mention some resuscitation techniques.

Following the Amsterdam saving techniques, many different methods invented by scientists and doctors continued to rise and fall. Some had positive effects while others didn’t. Some where, during this period the current back pressure-arm lift taught to Boy Scouts, as recently as the 1950s and 60s, a saving technique for victims who are at risk of drowning. This worked with drowning victims because the initial cessation of breathing is caused by water ingestion, however, the heart still beats for about 5 to 10 minutes. This technique did not help victims of cardiac arrests.

Current CPR Methods

James Elam and Dr. Peter Safar are credited with inventing the current CPR methods in 1954, even though, these techniques are only a more developed technique based on prior ones. They demonstrated that cardiopulmonary resuscitation was a sound technique and preferable to any other prior technique used. In 1957 Peter Safar documented the technique by writing a book called the “ABC of resuscitation.” Safar published his findings after studying the current methods and then wrote on the best CPR methods, including the importance of controlling a person’s breathing and freeing the airway by tilting back the head and opening his mouth prior to using mouth-to mouth breathing resuscitation. The process is then followed by a cardiac massage.

Safar worked hard at broadcasting the book and the combined resuscitation methods listed within. He didn’t consider himself responsible for inventing the method, but simply of organizing methods already in existence and putting them into the book. It was the combined process of maintaining a victim’s airway free, while promoting breathing and circulation. Safar even worked with a Norwegian toy maker Asmund Laerdal to make the first resuscitation mannequin called “Resusci Anne.” The Laerdal company went on to create many more CPR mannequins later becoming a medical equipment manufacturer.

Safar continued promoting the current CPR method throughout his life, creating community-wide emergency medical services (EMS) and founding the International Resuscitation Research Center (IRRC) which he continued to head until 1994.

 Posted by at 4:20 pm
Sep 192012
English: CPR Français : Massage cardiaque

(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

CPR stands for abbreviation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, an emergency medical procedure used when a person goes into cardiac arrest. CPR is unique among medical procedures because it is routinely taught to those not in the medical field as an emergency first aid technique.

What CPR Really Does

You have probably seen a TV show or movie where someone stops breathing and is miraculously revived by a minute or two of CPR. TV and film have used CPR as a convenient device to create drama while still

allowing the revival of actors. CPR tends to be highly misrepresented in the entertainment industry, leading many people to believe that CPR alone revives victims from cardiac arrest. Even the word “resuscitation” in its name is a misnomer, since CPR alone very rarely restarts a heart that is not beating.

In spite of that fact, CPR does indeed keep victims alive. Its primary function is to pump as much oxygenated blood as possible to the brain and heart to sustain brain function. It is an emergency procedure meant to prevent death until medical professionals arrive to take further steps to revive the victim. The bottom line is that though CPR itself rarely revives a victim, it does save lives and it is crucial that you learn this lifesaving procedure.

Chances of Getting CPR

Studies have shown that the chance of getting CPR from a bystander during a public cardiac arrest scenario averages out to about 32%. That sobering statistic is further compounded by the added estimate that bystander CPR is only done correctly about half the time. You must be confident enough to act quickly and perform it correctly, and in far too many cases this does not happen. CPR Training and certification are essential to help save lives by giving you the training and confidence to act when CPR is necessary.

CPR Guidelines Have Changed

The American Heart Association changed their recommended procedure for CPR in 2010. The new guidelines focus on chest compressions, shifting emphasis from artificial respiration. The AHA has endorsed a new procedure for non-medical personnel that consists of only chest compressions at a rate of 100 compressions per minute. Airway checks and respiration are now secondary in all cases except drowning.

The Importance of Certification

Even if you have had CPR training in the past, now is the time to get refreshed on the new procedures. Cprcertification101.com is your number one resource for getting CPR certification online. Certification is essential in today’s world because of the possible legal ramifications of injuries sustained during CPR – being certified can help limit your liability while increasing the chance you save a life. Cprcertification101.com provides a wealth of information about CPR training and certification to get you started.

It has been said before, but it is worth repeating: CPR saves lives. The life you save may be your loved one. You must be prepared to act in an emergency situation and cprcertification101.com can help you. Don’t be a bystander – be a lifesaver.

 Posted by at 4:20 pm